I think everyone has experienced waking up with eyes that look like two fluffy pillows. The struggle with puffy eyes affects everyone, even the wealthy and well-known. Celebrities such as Eva Mendes and Kristen Stewart have been seen in public with swollen eyes. It really happens to the best of us.
Now, let’s clarify the fancy word for puffy eyes: “periorbital edema.” Periorbital edema is simply a fancy medical name for puffiness around the eyes produced by a buildup of extra fluid. It’s more than simply a morning battle; it’s a story we can all connect to, adding levity to our common experiences. This article discusses symptoms, causes, and treatment of Periorbital Edema.
Understanding Periorbital Edema
When we talk about periorbital edema, we are talking about swelling around your eyes, specifically in the bony orbit (the area where black circles normally appear). It’s as if your eyes choose to hold excess fluid, resulting in obvious puffiness. It is important to distinguish periorbital edema from the normal aging process that causes “bags under the eyes.”
Symptoms of Periorbital Edema
The symptoms of symptoms of periorbital edema includes the following:
Swelling Around the Eyes: This major symptom manifests as varied degrees of puffiness in the periorbital area.
Unilateral or Bilateral Affection: The swelling may be unilateral, affecting only one eye, or bilateral, involving both eyes in the edematous process.
Redness: Along with the swelling, there may be visible redness in the affected area, which adds to the overall visual appearance.
Discomfort: Periorbital edema can cause discomfort or pain, exacerbating the physical burden on the affected individual.
Itching: Pruritus, or itching, can be a subsequent symptom, potentially adding another layer of sensory distress.
Blurry Vision: In some cases, people may suffer blurry vision, which could indicate a problem with their visual acuity.
Causes of Periorbital Edema
Periorbital edema can be caused by a variety of things, some of which are natural and others medical. Let’s look into these causes.
Local or Natural Causes
Allergies and Infections: The traditional combination of allergies and infections, such as conjunctivitis, can cause swelling in the eyes.
Injuries: Eye injuries, whether a fracture or a cosmetic touch-up, can be the unintentional cause of periorbital edema.
Tear Gland Problems: Blocked tear glands or the aftermath of a good cry may contribute to swelling in the spectacles.
Skin Conditions: Eczema and dermatitis may appear as silent culprits of periorbital edema.
Systemic or Medical Causes
- Kidney Problems.
- Thyroid Disorders like Graves’ disease.
- Medication Allergies.
- Nutritional Deficiencies. That is, lack of protein or vitamins.
- Systemic Infections such as sinusitis or upper respiratory infections.
Treatment of Periorbital Edema
When it comes to treating periorbital edema, an individualized treatment approach focuses on addressing the underlying cause. Here’s a tailored breakdown:
Medications: If the swelling is caused by allergies or infections, your doctor may prescribe medications such as antiinflammatory cream or drugs to address the underlying condition.
Cold Compresses: Think of cold compresses as the calming process in this treatment strategy. Applying them to the affected area reduces puffiness and provides relief and a cooling sensation.
Lifestyle Changes: Managing allergies or resolving underlying health issues are wise steps to take in living a more healthy life.